Use Ubuntu interactively
By default Docker will give a name to each container consisteing two random names, eg. foo_bar, but that makes it harder for use to re-launch the container. So in this case we used the --name flag to give it a name. The brilliant name I selected was ubu.
Once we execute the command we will see the prompt as it is displayed by the container. Now we can execute various Linux command. For example we can try to tun htop.
If you try to do this you'll quickly find out that this image did not come with the htop command. Don't worry though we can easily install it. We run the apt-get update command to download the list of all the available packages. (We don't need to use sudo as we are running as user root inside the Docker container.)
Once we downloaded the up-to-date list of packages, we can run apt-get install htop to download and install the htop pacakge and then we can try to use it.
At this point feel free to play around with the command line. For example use the which command to check if certain programs or certain programming languages were installed.
Once you had enough you can press Ctrl-D or type in exit to leave the container. Once you leave it the container stops running. You can then use the docker ps -a command to see the exited Docker container called ubu.
docker run -it --name ubu ubuntu:20.04 # htop # apt-get update # apt-get install htop # htop # which perl # which python # which python3 # exit
docker ps -a